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Akers, Joshua, and Eric Seymour. "Instrumental Exploitation: Predatory Property Relations at City’s End." Geoforum 91 (2018): 127-40.
Akers, Joshua, Vincent Béal, and Max Rousseau. "Redefining the City and Demolishing the Rest: The Techno-green Fix in Postcrash Cleveland, Ohio." Environment and Planning E: Nature and Space 3, no. 1 (2020): 207-27.
Alexander, Frank S. “Land Bank Strategies for Renewing Urban Land.” Journal of Affordable Housing & Community Development Law 14, no. 2 (2005): Excerpts.
Alexander, Leslie. “Seneca Village.” Oxford African American Studies Center, Oxford University Press. 2020.
Anderson, Michelle Wilde. “Mapped Out of Local Democracy.” Stanford Law Review 62, no. 4 (2010): 931-1004.

Apgar, William, and Christopher E. Herbert for U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Subprime Lending and Alternative Financial Service Providers: A Literature Review and Empirical Analysis. Report. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. February 2006. 
Arsen, David. “Property Tax Assessment Rates and Residential Abandonment.” American Journal of Economics and Sociology 51, no. 3 (1992): 361-377.
Bagdol, Alese.  “Property Taxes and Community Land Trusts: A Middle Ground.” Texas Law Review 91, (2013): 939-959.
Barnett, Rod.  “Designing Indian Country,” Places Journal, October 2016.
Becker, Jochen, Mirko Zardini, Giovanna Borasi, and CCA. Actions: What You Can Do with the City. Montréal: Canadian Centre for Architecture, 2008.

Berger, Alan. Drosscape: Wasting Land Urban America. New York, NY: Princeton Architectural Press, 2006.
Brenner, Neil, and Christian Schmid. "Towards a New Epistemology of the Urban?" City 19, no. 2-3 (2015): 151-82.
Bowman, Ann O'M, and Michael A. Pagano. Terra Incognita: Vacant Land and Urban Strategies. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2004.

Bowring, Jacky. A Field Guide to Melancholy. United Kingdom: Oldcastle Books, 2011. 
Corbin, Carla I. "Vacancy and the Landscape: Cultural Context and Design Response." Landscape Journal 22, no. 1 (2003): 12-24.
Costanza-Chock, Sasha. Design Justice: Community-Led Practices to Build the Worlds We Need. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2020.
Cronon, William. Uncommon Ground: Toward Reinventing Nature. New York: W.W. Norton & Co, 1995.

Czerniak, Julia. Formerly Urban: Projecting Rustbelt Futures. New York, NY: Princeton Architectual Press, 2013. 
Davis, John E. (Ed.) The Community Land Trust Reader. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 2010.
Davis, Ujijji. “The Bottom: The Emergence and Erasure of Black American Urban Landscapes.” The Avery Review 34 (2018).
De Monchaux, Nicholas, and Keller Easterling. Local Code: 3659 Proposals about Data, Design, and the Nature of Cities. New York, NY: Princeton Architectural Press, 2016.
Donovan, Michael T. "The Abandonment of Real Estate Projects." Real Estate Taxation 36, no. 4 (2009): 148-163.

English, Wesley Hodge. “The Impact of Property Flipping on Single Family Detached Home Prices.” Masters Thesis, University of Texas, December 2005.,effort%20to%20curtail%20predatory%20lending.

Ellen, Ingrid, Alexis Captanian. “Gentrification And The Health Of Legacy Residents.” Health Affairs. August 16, 2020.

Ergungor, Emre, and Thomas J Fitzpatrick IV. “Slowing Speculation: A Proposal to Lessen Undesirable Housing Transactions.” Center for Community Progress. March 2012. 
Fainstein, Susan S. The Just City. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2010.

Fernald, Marcia, eds. America’s Rental Housing 2020. Harvard Joint Center for Housing Studies. 2020.
Foster, Sheila R., and Christian Iaione. "The City as a Commons." Yale Law & Policy Review 34, no. 2 (2016): Excerpts.
Fullilove, Mindy Thompson. “Unceasing Struggle,” in Root Shock:New Village Press, 2016: 165-192.
Frampton, Adam., Clara Wong, and Jonathan. Solomon. Cities without Ground: A Hong Kong Guidebook. Rafael, CA: Oro Editions, 2012
Francis, Jacinta, Billie Giles-Corti, Lisa Wood and Matthew Knuiman. "Creating Sense of Community: The Role of Public Space." Journal of Environmental Psychology 32, no. 4 (2012): 401-09.
Gamble, David, Patty Heyda. Rebuilding the American City. London: Routledge, 2016.
Garvin, Eugenia, Charles Branas, Shimrit Keddem, Jeffrey Sellman, & Carolyn Cannuscio.  “More Than Just an Eyesore: Local Insights and Solutions on Vacant Land and Urban Health.” Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 90, no. 3 (2013): 412-426.

Gioielli, Robert. “Get the Lead Out: Environmental Politics in 1970s St. Louis.” Journal of Urban History 36, No. 4, 2010.
Glabere, Michael L. "Milwaukee: A Tale of Three Cities." In Redlining To Reinvestment, edited by Squires Gregory D., by Logan John R. and Swanstrom Todd, 149-69. Temple University Press, 1992.
Gordon, Colin. Mapping Decline: St. Louis and the Fate of the American City. Politics and Culture in Modern America. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008.
Gordon, Colin. "Patchwork Metropolis: Fragmented Governance and Urban Decline in Greater St. Louis." Saint Louis University Public Law Review 34, no. 1 (2014): 51-70.
Greenspan, Elizabeth. “Nicetown.” Places Journal, June 2019.

Groth, Jacqueline, and Eric Corijn. "Reclaiming Urbanity: Indeterminate Spaces, Informal Actors and Urban Agenda Setting." Urban Studies 42.3 (2005): 503-26.

Harney, Stefano, Fred Moten. The Undercommons: Fugitive Planning and Black Study. Brooklyn, NY: Minor Compositions, 2013.
Harvey, David. Justice, Nature, and the Geography of Difference. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.
Harris, Linda. “Dilapidated buildings, absentee ownership plague communities across the state .” WV News. August 14, 2017. 

Haskel, Eric. “Investing in Real Property – A Primer.” White Paper No. 47A, Greycourt and Co., Inc. October 2009.  
Hackworth, Jason. "The Limits to Market-based Strategies for Addressing Land Abandonment in Shrinking American Cities." Progress in Planning 90 (2014): 1-37.
Heckert, Megan, & Jeremy Mennis. “The Economic Impact of Greening Urban Vacant Land: A Spatial Difference-in-Differences Analysis.” Environment and Planning A 44, no. 12 (2012): 3010-3027.
Herscher, Andrew. The Unreal Estate Guide to Detroit. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2012.

Herscher, Andrew. “Unreal Estate: An Introduction” in The Unreal Estate Guide to Detroit. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2012: 6-21.
Hillier, Amy E., Dennis P. Culhane, Tony E. Smith, & Charles Dana Tomlin. “Predicting Housing Abandonment with the Philadelphia Neighborhood Information System.” Journal of Urban Affairs 25, no. 1 (2003): 91-106.
Hollander, Justin B. "Moving Toward a Shrinking Cities Metric: Analyzing Land Use Changes Associated With Depopulation in Flint, Michigan." Cityscape 12, no. 1 (2010): 133-51.
Hollander, Justin, Colin Polsky, Dan Zinder, & Dan Runfola. “The New American Ghost Town: Foreclosure, Abandonment, and the Prospects for City Planning.” Lincoln Institute of Land Policy Working Papers, 2010.
Hollander, Justin B., Jeremy Németh. "The Bounds of Smart Decline: A Foundational Theory for Planning Shrinking Cities." Housing Policy Debate 21, no. 3 (2011): 349-67.
Holston, James, Nancy Postero, Eli Elinoff and Nicole Fabricant. "Metropolitan Rebellions and the Politics of Commoning the City." Anthropological Theory 19, no. 1 (2019): 120-42.
Holway, Jim, Don Elliott, & Anna Trentadue. “Combating Zombie Subdivisions: How Three Communities Redressed Excess Entitlements.” Land Lines Magazine, January 2014.

Hu, Shelia. “What Is Climate Gentrification?” Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC). August 27, 2020. 
Hutton, Jane. "Breathing with Trees: London Plane Trees from Rikers Island to Seventh Avenue, 1959." In Reciprocal Landscapes: Stories of Material Movements, 144-85. 1st ed. Routledge, 2020.

Jacobs, Harvey M. “Claiming the Site,” in Carol Burns and Andrea Kahn, eds. Site Matters: Design Concepts, Histories, and Strategies. New York: Routledge, 2005
Jaffe, Greg. “The strange summer land rush in Peoria’s dying south end.” The Washington Post. August 14, 2021.

J. Max Bond Center. “Mapping America’s Legacy Cities 2015.” City College of New York, 2015.
Johnson, Walter. “Prologue: Mapping the Loss,” in The Broken Heart of America: St. Louis and the Violent History of the United States. New York: Basic Books, 2020: 1-12.
Johnson, Walter. "What Do We Mean When We Say, “Structural Racism”? A Walk down West Florissant Avenue, Ferguson, Missouri." Kalfou(Santa Barbara, Calif.) 3, no. 1 (2016): 36-62.
Jordan, Cora. “Easements Acquired by Use of Property.” Neighbor Law: Fences, Trees, Boundaries and Noise. 1994.§ion=attach&attach_id=48798
Kaijima, Momoyo, Junzō Kuroda, and Yoshiharu Tsukamoto. Made in Tokyo = メイド·イン·ト-キョ-. Tōkyō: 鹿島出版会; Kajima Shuppankai, 2001.
Kamvasinou, Krystallia. "The Public Value of Vacant Urban Land." Proceedings of the ICE - Municipal Engineer 164, no. 3 (2011): 157-66.
Lander, Brad. “How to Avoid a Post-Recession Feeding Frenzy by Private Developers.” The New York Times, September 2, 2020.

Lanks, Belinda. “Creative Shrinkage.” New York Times Magazine, December 10, 2006.
Latz, Peter. “The Idea of Making Time Visible.” TOPOS 33 (December 2000): 94–99.

Lefebvre, Henri. Writings on Cities. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.

Lewis, Justin M. “Restrictive Covenants: What Are They And Why Should You Care?” Ward and Smith P.A., Attorneys at Law. May 5, 2021.
Lindeke, Bill. “A worrisome housing trend: non-local investment firms buying Minnesota properties .” MinnPost. May 20, 2021. 
Lokman, Kees. "Vacancy as a Laboratory: Design Criteria for Reimagining Social-ecological Systems on Vacant Urban Lands." Landscape Research 42, no. 7 (2017): 728-46.
López-Piñeiro, Sergio. A Glossary of Urban Voids. Berlin: Jovis Verlag, 2020. Excerpts.
Low, Setha, and Alan Smart. "Thoughts about Public Space During Covid‐19 Pandemic." City & Society 32, no. 1 (2020): N/a.
Lynch, Kevin and Michael Southworth. Wasting Away. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1990.

Martin, Isaac William & Kevin Beck. "Gentrification, Property Tax Limitation, and Displacement." Urban Affairs Review 54, no. 1 (2018): 33-73.
Martin, Douglas. "A Village Dies, A Park Is Born." The New York Times (New York, N.Y), 1997.
Matta-Clark, Gordon, Jeffrey Kastner, Sina Najafi, Frances Richard, Jeffrey A. Kroessler, White Columns, and Queens Museum of Art. Odd Lots: Revisiting Gordon Matta-Clark's "fake Estates". New York: Cabinet Books, in Conjuction with the Queens Museum of Art and White Columns, 2005.
McCarty, Maggie. "Introduction to Public Housing." Congressional Research Service Report for Congress. Congressional Research Service, January 3, 2014.

McClintock, Nathan. “Assessing soil lead contamination at multiple scales in Oakland, California: Implications for urban agriculture and environmental justice.” Applied Geography 35, Iss. 1-2 (2012): 460-473.
McLaughlin, Nancy A. "Conservation Easements and the Doctrine of Merger." Law and Contemporary Problems 74, no. 4 (2011): 279-95.,Nancy,McLaughlin&text=Conservation%20easements%20raise%20a%20number,title%20to%20the%20encumbered%20land.

Meckler, Laura and Kate Rabinowitz. “The lines that divide: School district boundaries often stymie integration.” The Washington Post. December 16, 2019.
Miller, Johnny. “Roads to nowhere: how infrastructure built on American inequality.” The Guardian, February 21, 2018.

Milligan, Brett. “Landscape Migration,” Places Journal, June 2015.
Mitchell, Don. The Right to the City: Social Justice and the Fight for Public Space. New York: Guilford Press, 2003.

Mitchell, Don. The Right to the City: Social Justice and the Fight for Public Space. New York: Guilford Press (2003): 1-41.

Mitchell, Don. “The End of Public Space? People’s Park, Definitions of the Public, and Democracy.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 85, No. 1 (1995): 108-133.
Mock, Brentin. “A Neighborhood’s Race Affects Home Values More Now Than in 1980.” Bloomberg CityLab, September 21, 2020.

Moore, Tom & Kim McKee. “Empowering Local Communities? An International Review of Community Land Trusts.” Housing Studies 27, no. 2 (2012): 280–290.
Morckel, Victoria. “Empty Neighborhoods: Using Constructs to Predict the Probability of Housing Abandonment.” Housing Policy Debate 23, no .3 (2013): 469-496.
Morgan, Mallory Roberts. “Beautiful Black Lives Matter Murals Now Cover Melrose Avenue Design Stores.” Architectural Digest, June 9, 2020.

Myklebust, Sara, Patrick Woodall, Oscar Valdes Viera, Omar Ocampo, Jonathan Heller, Chuck Collins, and Joe Fitzgerald. Cashing in on Our Homes: Billionaire Landlords Profit as Millions Face Eviction. Report. Institute for Policy Studies. March 2021. 
National Low Income Housing Coalition (NLIHC). Federal Moratorium on Evictions for Nonpayment of Rent. NLIHC and National Housing Law Project (NHLP) FAQ Report. April 2021. 

National Low Income Housing Coalition Staff. “Gentrification and Neighborhood Revitalization: WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE?” National Low Income Housing Coalition. April 5, 2019.

Nolan, Elizabeth P. “Vacant Land Conversion in Detroit, Michigan: A Spatial Analysis of Neighborhood Stabilization and Communal Access.” Master’s Thesis, Harvard Extension School. 2017.
Ostrom, Elinor. Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Ouazad, Amine. “Blockbusting: Brokers and the dynamics of segregation.” Journal of Economic Theory, Vol. 157 (2015): 811-841. 
Park, Kyŏng, and Urban Ecology International Center for Urban Ecology. Urban Ecology: Detroit and Beyond. Hong Kong: Map Book Publishers, 2005.
Pidot, Jeff., and Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. “Reinventing Conservation Easements: A Critical Examination and Ideas for Reform.” Policy Focus Report / Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 2005.
Pinkham, Richard, and Rocky Mountain Institute. Daylighting : New Life for Buried Streams. Old Snowmass, Co.: Rocky Mountain Institute, 2000.
Plumer, Brad, Nadja Popovich. "How Decades of Racist Housing Policy Left Neighborhoods Sweltering." New York Times, Aug. 24, 2020.

Poon, Linda. “CityLab Daily: Can Land Banks Get Us Out of This Mess?” Bloomberg, June 16, 2020.
Popper, Deborah E. and Frank J. Popper. "Small Can Be Beautiful: Coming to Terms with Decline: Americans Tend to Think That Places, Once Settled, Stay Settled. (Smart Decline)." Planning 68, no. 7 (2002): 20.
Purdy, Jedediah. “Environmentalism’s Racist History.” The New Yorker, August 13, 2015.

Practical Money Skills. “Understanding Mortgages.” Practical Money Skills. Updated 2021.

Prener, Christopher G., Taylor Harris Braswell, Daniel J. Monti. “St. Louis’s “urban prairie”: Vacant land and the potential for revitalization.” Journal of Urban Affairs 42, Vol. 3 (2020): 371-389. DOI: 10.1080/07352166.2018.1474079
Qazi, Shehryar. “Another Real Estate Crash is Coming.” Jacobin Magazine, May 16, 2020.
Rabianski, Joseph S. “Vacancy in Market Analysis and Valuation.” The Appraisal Journal 70, no. 2, (2002): 191-199.
Raver, Anne. “Where the Water Was” Landscape Architecture Magazine, October 2018.

Rouse, Cecilia, Jared Bernstein, Helen Knudsen, and Jeffery Zhang. “Exclusionary Zoning: Its Effect on Racial Discrimination in the Housing Market.” The White House. June 17, 2021.
Rusert, Britt, and Battle-Baptiste, Whitney eds. W. E. B. du Bois's Data PortraitsVisualizing Black America. New York, NY: Princeton Architectural Press, 2018. Excerpts.
Ryan, Brent D. and Lorena Bello. “The Fiscal Topography of the Shrinking City.” Prospecta 47: Money, The Yale Architectural Journal (2014): 199-205.
Schilling, Joseph, and Jonathan Logan. "Greening the Rust Belt: A Green Infrastructure Model for Right Sizing America's Shrinking Cities." Journal of the American Planning Association 74.4 (2008): 451-66.'s_Shrinking_Cities.
Schneekloth, Lynda. “Unruly and Robust: An Abandoned Industrial River” in Franck, Karen A., and Quentin Stevens, eds. Loose Space: Possibility and Diversity in Urban Life. London; New York: Routledge, 2007: 253–270.

Sengupta, Rajdeep and William R. Emmons. “What is Subprime Lending?” Economic Synopses, no. 13. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. 2007.
Silverman, Robert M., Li Yin, & Kelly L. Patterson.  “Dawn of the Dead City: An Exploratory Analysis of Vacant Addresses in Buffalo, NY 20082010.” Journal of Urban Affairs 35, no. 2 (2013): 131-152.
Solà-Morales Rubió, Ignasi. “Terrain Vague.” In Anyplace, ed. Cynthia Davidson. New York: Anyone and The MIT Press, 1995: 118–123. Access from HathiTrust.

Soth, Alec. “The Great Divide.” The New York Times, September 5th 2020.
Spencer, Douglas. “Returns on the City: Detroit and the Design of Late Fordism.” Harvard Design Magazine 46 (2018).
Spirn, Anne Whiston. “Reclaiming Common Ground: Water, Neighborhoods, and Public Spaces," in Robert Fishman, ed., The American Planning Tradition. Woodrow Wilson Press and Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000: xx.
Spirn, Anne Whiston. "Restoring Mill Creek: Landscape Literacy, Environmental Justice and City Planning and Design." Landscape Research 30, no. 3 (2005): 395-413.
Sugrue, Thomas J. ‘The Damning Mark of False Prosperities’: The Deindustrialization of Detroit” in The Origins of the Urban Crisis; Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit. Princeton Studies in American Politics. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1996: 125-152.
Swope, Christopher. “Smart Decline.” Governing Magazine, November 2006.
TallBear, Kim. "Caretaking Relations, Not American Dreaming." Kalfou 6, no. 1 (2019): 24-41.
Taylor, Dorceta. Toxic Communities: Environmental Racism, Industrial Pollution, and Residential Mobility. New York: New York University Press, 2014.
Taylor, Keeanga-Yamahtta. "How Real Estate Segregated America." Dissent 65, no. 4 (2018): 23-32.
Thomas Jr., Wilbur L. “Black Survival in Our Polluted Cities, 1970” in Wells, Christopher W, and Sutter, Paul S. Environmental Justice in Postwar America. Weyerhaeuser Environmental Classics. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2018: 99-103.
Ukeles, Mierle Laderman. "Manifesto for Maintenance Art 1969! Proposal for an Exhibition “CARE”, 1969.
Wallace, David. “Fred Moten’s Radical Critique of the Present.” The New Yorker, April 30, 2018.

Wall, Derek. The Commons in History: Culture, Conflict, and Ecology. The MIT Press, 2014.
Webley, Curtis. “Taxation of Abandonment.” Journal of Accountancy 213, no. 3 (2012).
Wendel, Delia Duong. "Imageability and Justice in Contemporary New Orleans." Journal of Urban Design: New Orleans and the Design Moment 14, no. 3 (2009): 345-75.

Worland, Justin. “The Climate Real Estate Bubble: Is the U.S. on the Verge of Another Financial Crisis?” TIME Magazine. April 19, 2021.